104
Publishing a Web Service
When a registry is used, we have seen that the service provider publishes the
Web service description on a registry and clients discover and bind to the Web
service to use its services. In general, a client must perform three steps to use a
Web service:
1. The client must determine how to access the service's methods, such as deter 
mining the service method parameters, return values, and so forth. This is re 
ferred to as discovering the service definition interface.
2. The client must locate the actual Web service; that is, find the service's ad 
dress. This is referred to as discovering the service implementation.
3. The client must be bound to the service's specific location, and this may occur
on one of three occasions:
I
When the client is developed (called static binding)
I
When the client is deployed (also called static binding)
I
During runtime (called dynamic binding)
These three steps may produce three scenarios. The particular scenario
depends on when the binding occurs and whether the client is implemented solely
for a specific service or is a generic client. The following paragraphs describe
these scenarios. (See Table 3.2 for a summary.) They also note important points
you should consider when designing and implementing a Web service. (Chapter 5
considers these scenarios from the point of view of a client.) 
  Scenario 1: The Web service has an agreement with its partners and publishes 
its WSDL description and referenced XML schemas at a well known, speci 
fied location. It expects its client developers to know this location. When this 
is the case, the client is implemented with the service's interface in mind. 
When it is built, the client is already designed to look up the service interface 
directly rather than using a registry to find the service. 
  Scenario 2: Similar to scenario 1, the Web service publishes its WSDL descrip 
tion and XML schemas at a well known location, and it expects its partners to 
either know this location or be able to discover it easily. Or, when the partner 
is built, it can use a tool to dynamically discover and then include either the ser 
vice's specific implementation or the service's interface definition, along with 
its specific implementation. In this case, binding is static because the partner is 
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