Strengthening child protection systems in all
Key objectives:
tsunami affected areas.
All  families and children in temporary camps / shelters
children with adequate water for drinking and for
household use as well as with adequate sanitation
Around 20 per cent of schools, for 50,000 children, in
20 districts, were affected by the tsunami in some way.
All early childhood centres and primary schools
Twenty six schools were directly damaged or de 
with adequate water and sanitation
stroyed and others  lost students or teachers. Alternative
Direct multi sectoral support (food, water, shelter, health
arrangements were quickly made to ensure that children
and nutrition)
continued their learning without interruption, includ 
Over 8,000 people lost their homes and were living in
ing for example, repair to damaged school buildings,
temporary shelters while awaiting the rebuilding of
school materials purchased or borrowed, and erect 
their houses. Families were relocated from outlying
ing temporary classrooms .
islands to the mainland.  Some 35,000 families lost their
Priorities at the outset of the emergency were to
Key objectives:
ensure that children were able to return to school. This
Strengthen emergency response for multi 
is one of the single most important contributions to
sectoral support and preparedness for disease
helping children s lives return to normal. Children in
outbreaks. In close collaboration with districts,
school benefit from the protective support of teachers,
monitor the response to this emergency, and pro 
friends and the school environment.
vide cash, supplies, technical and logistics support
Key objectives:
where needed in the areas of health, nutrition,
All children are back to school for the January 4
food, education and shelter
opening, or as close as possible to this date, and
Ensuring primary healthy and nutrition services
attendance is sustained as a contribution to the
for vulnerable children through outreach
return to normalcy
Ensure opportunities for play and recreation in
The risks of HIV transmission have increased in tsunami 
schools as part of the psychosocial recovery
affected areas as a result of economic stress, the break
up of family units and increased mobility of workers
All children in school (including those who never
due to the construction industry.
attended school pre tsunami),  receiving a high qual 
Key objectives:
ity education
All young people are aware of HIV/AIDS and to
Water and Environmental Sanitation
protect themselves
The tsunami resulted in interrupted water supply and
Care and support for children infected and affected
sanitation for an estimated 50,000 people. In most
cases this was caused by seawater contamination of
almost 500 shallow wells, the source of drinking water
UNICEF projects are being carried out in all six affected
for most villagers in tsunami affected areas. In other
cases, piped water systems and sanitation systems
were damaged along with physical damage to houses
and roads.
UNICEF programmes are mid  to long term in perspective
and are expected to continue through 2008.
Priorities at the outset of the emergency were to ensure
adequate drinking water and sanitation   particularly
for vulnerable families   to prevent outbreaks of
Child Protection
diarrhea or other infectious diseases that would be life 
Major successes:
threatening for children.
The strong psychosocial recovery programme for

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