CODI is working with local governments, NGOs and
Tsunami assessments have revealed that some children
international agencies to support local communities
in affected areas had never attended school nor had
developing plans for rebuilding their houses and settle 
access to health services, even before the tsunami. This
ments, with the help of architects, planners, design stu 
includes children of ethnic minority families living on
dents, professors and architecture associations from
islands and children of the large number of migrant
around Thailand.
workers in the area. Improving the situation of these
children, who were already lagging behind in Thailand s
5. Protecting Children
development, also remains a key challenge.   There is
thus a need for the government, NGOs and international
Dealing with the increased vulnerability of children is
organizations to work in a coordinated manner to over 
another challenge that needs to be addressed.   Although
come these challenges.
the immediate national response to provide protection
for affected children was swift, much remains to be
6. The Rights of Migrant Workers
done.   Strengthening of local structures   family and
community protective mechanisms   is needed.
The situation of migrant workers in Thailand was
Around 100,000 people remain without an adequate
precarious even before the tsunami; the disaster
family income.  This fragile economic situation of
compounded their problems.   The six provinces affected
families exposes children to the risks of deterioration
by the tsunami host approximately 127,282 migrants
68
in health and nutritional status, of dropping out of
of which 98% are from Myanmar.   In addition to these
school,  and of sexual exploitation and trafficking.   An 
are the unregistered migrants, who are not accounted
other challenge is to ensure that the most vulnerable
for.   As a result of the tsunami, they were displaced,
children and women benefit from the tsunami assist 
lost family members, employment and suffered damag 
ance.
67
ing psychological effects.  Due to their uncertain legal
status, they found themselves excluded from the relief
Box 12 People s Involvement in Designing
loop.   Many migrant labourers from the Northeast of
Their Own Houses
Thailand (Isan) working in the tsunami hit areas have
also found themselves being passed over by government
According to architect Acharn Muk ("Professor
agencies in the aid process because they were not
Ink"), who is working on the CODI communities
from the affected areas.  Support to the rehabilita 
upgrading projects, "we have to begin by asking
tion of migrant communities remains a challenge
what these people want.  Our role is to sit with
which was not adequately addressed in the immediate
them, help adjust their ideas to circumstances
aftermath of the disaster.
which have changed after the tragedy, and then
formalize their ideas, in the form of drawings, mod 
Given the large number of illegal migrants working in
els, plans."  Like all aspects of rehabilitation, a little
the affected areas, there was sensitivity surrounding
I
the issue of migrants  access to basic services.   The lack
M
sensitive intervention is making the process of
A
or loss of identity papers made it difficult to identify
N
planning the rebuilding of their houses and set 
U
the bodies of deceased migrants and for the relatives
S
tlements an opportunity to strengthen and re 
 T
to secure the bodies.  The TTVI and local NGOs are
E
build these traumatized communities.  At the same
H
collaborating to find ways of having the identified
 T
time, people s involvement in this planning is mak 
O
bodies released.
 T
ing it better, more comprehensive, more appro 
ES
priate, more responsive to their real needs.
N
The health and wellbeing of migrant workers affected
OP
by the tsunami continue to be a concern and more
S
Source: Housing by People in Asia, Newsletter of Asian Coali 
E
support is required as an integral part of longer term re 
 R
tion for Housing Rights, Number 16, August 2005
 S
covery efforts.
DNAIL
7. Ethnic Groups   voice and identity
A
67
H
 UNICEF Contribution to Tsunami One Year Later Report,
 T
November 2005
The rehabilitation of coastal dwelling ethnic groups
 2
68
T
 Ministry of Interior Registration Figure for Migrants, July 2004
R
(Moken, Moklen, Urak and Lawoi) poses a particular
PA
41
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