The RTG also provided assistance to the tune of USD
Although, the total value of financial and in kind
920 million to large business enterprises in the form
contributions from the private sector and NGOs is
of bank credit, USD 39 million for rehabilitation of the
difficult to estimate, it has been a pillar of solidarity
public sector, and USD 4.1 million for the rehabilitation
and support for the reconstruction effort. The Thai
of basic infrastructure.
private sector has generously provided funds and
resources to the support the long term recovery espe
Table 18: Financial Assistance Provided
cially as regards the provision of housing, and support
to livelihoods. Business and employer associations
have provided vocational training and skills upgrading.
Source of Fund
The private sector has worked alongside NGOs to sup
port the provision of boats and income generating
Central Budget (through Relief Sub Committees)
VI Lessons Learnt from the Initial
Source: DDPM report, October 2005
It is widely acknowledged that the RTG led an effective
emergency response. However, given the magnitude
V Private Sector and NGO Support
of the operation, it was almost inevitable that certain
limitations be revealed at different levels.
Effective engagement of civil society and the private
sector was a striking feature of the relief effort. The
While the direction and line of control from the top
contribution of Thai civil society and the private sector,
was clear, problems emerged at the local level, often
both nationally and in the affected areas, can hardly
relating to distribution of compensation and relief
be overstated. Major areas of contribution included
items. Many of those looking for compensation com
transport, telecommunications, food and water.
plained of staff shortages, insufficient guidance and
Emergency needs such as those related to bottled
"unsystematic" work procedures.
water, were entirely covered by private and NGO
contributions. The RTG had received USD 32 million
Another set of problems relates to the management
in public donations by December 2005.
of contributions. The disaster triggered an unprecedented
outpouring of national and international generosity.
The scale of the disaster and the attention generated
Box 8 Boat Building Friends in the
by media brought contributions from national and
international actors. However, large quantities of
inappropriate in kind donations could not be utilized.
Alliances between communities, NGOs and busi
Managing these placed a considerable and unnecessary
nesses have gone a long way in solving villagers
strain on already over burdened disaster manage
real needs. "Our company was looking for ways
ment authorities. The arrival of large numbers of inex
to help the tsunami victims and to ensure the
perienced volunteers and well wishers added to the
assistance really reached them," said Prayong
burden on the system.
Hirunyavanich, CEO of Michelin Siam, one corporate
supporter of the community boatyards. They
learnt through SAN about the fishermen s needs
for community boat yards and decided to help.
Michelin is supporting 12 community boatyards
in 5 provinces, where 304 boats had been repaired
Prime Minister Office website, December 2005
by mid May.
Based on the Report and Summary of Main Conclusions,
National Workshop on Tsunami Lessons Learned and Best
Practices in Thailand , Bangkok 30 31 May 2005; and
Source: Housing by People in Asia, Newsletter of Asian Coali
Newspaper articles from January to June 2005
tion for Housing Rights, Number 16, August 2005
Bangkok Post , 2 January 2005