economies work."  There was criticism, however, that
The Tourism Restoration Committee was mandated to
the PAP was not being followed nor monitored in a
oversee and execute the restoration strategy for tourism
systematic, transparent manner that involved all the
in the tsunami affected region.  The measures for recovery
relevant stakeholders, including local communities.
and development of tourism in the area included
reviving Patong and Kamala Beaches in Phuket and
The slower than expected rebound of the tourism sector
redeveloping the hardest hit areas of Khao Lak and
affected the recovery of  more than 100,000 tourism live 
Phi Phi Island.  It was also decided that new facilities
lihoods affected by the tsunami
,  which continue to
and tourist amenities would be built in accordance
suffer the impact of the so called "second wave."
with stringent safety regulations, set back from the
lower number of tourist arrivals is continuing to hurt
beach, and the areas planned and re zoned in line with
workers in the formal tourism sector   as a result, many
the principles of sustainable tourism.
jobs have been lost, or incomes significantly reduced,
especially in some of the worst affected areas.  Liveli 
It will be important to embrace the opportunity to go
hoods dependent on the tourism related informal
beyond the immediate recovery needs of affected
economy   the masseur, handicraft seller, beachfront
communities, and address the wider issues of their
vendor etc.   have also been affected.  Many of those
longer term sustainable development, especially the
who lost jobs in the formal sector have had to join the
most marginalized, including women, children,
informal economy for survival.  They continue to need
migrants and minorities.
support in regaining their livelihoods, enhancing and di 
versifying  their skills, developing new products and
Social Recovery
services and getting access to new markets.  Facilitat 
ing access to adequate financial services for micro
Social Protection Measures for Children
and small businesses is also needed to assist in the re 
The tsunami resulted in the temporary erosion of a
habilitation process.
protective environment for an estimated 50,000 children.
The weakening or break down of normal child protection
Meanwhile the RTG continues to support measures to
mechanisms increased their vulnerability.  The immediate
speed up the recovery of the tourism sector, with special
national response to ensure adequate protection for
packages and incentives to stimulate tourism in the
these children was strong and effective.  Almost all
affected areas.  The Cabinet approved a budget of USD
children who lost parents were cared for by their
93.7 million to revive tourism in the tsunami affected
extended  families; a strong psychological recovery
provinces, including incentives to stimulate domestic
programme for 150,000 children was quickly put into
tourism by supporting low priced fares and room rates,
place.  Crucial to children s psychological well being
encouraging civil servants and state enterprise employees
was their return to school.  The school buildings that
to take vacations in the area, and to establish duty free
were damaged by the disaster were urgently repaired
shops.  The RTG also approved tax relief to businesses,
and temporary classrooms were erected.  In some
and the Bank of Thailand provided soft loans through
cases, arrangements were made for children to attend
commercial banks to assist entrepreneurs affected by
nearby schools.  In one case, children attended school
the disaster, and established the Tsunami SME Fund
at their teacher s house.   As a result more than 75 percent
and the Tsunami Recovery Fund to assist the rebuilding
of schoolchildren in tsunami affected areas were able
of affected businesses.
to return to school two weeks after the disaster
Expansion of the psychosocial recovery programme,
An extra USD 19.5 million was added to the marketing
with a focus on schools and the involvement of teachers,
and promotion budget for tourism, with a post disaster
helped children cope with fear and stress, promoting
strategy focusing on new markets and new products.
full attendance by the second month.
 Post tsunami reconstruction and tourism: a second disaster, Report by Tourism Concern, October 2005
 Tsunami: the Country Team Response (UNCT)
 ILO Contribution to Tsunami One Year Later Report, November 2005
 New strategy for the recovery of tourism after tsunami, Tourism Authority of Thailand, March 11, 2005
 UNICEF tsunami report for UNCT, November 2005

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