missing, coping with grief and uncertainty while
Table 4: State of Tsunami Affected Children
attending to the gruesome task of searching morgues
Children without
for their family members.
Province
one or both parents
The Department of Mental Health estimated that
Krabi
136
10,000 people suffered psychological trauma resulting
Phang Nga
587
from the disaster.    Survivors in the areas that experienced
maximum damage in the aftermath of the tsunami
Phuket
195
experienced the highest incidence of trauma related
Ranong
100
symptoms.
Satun
13
Houses
Trang
23
Other
287
Thousands were rendered homeless by the tsunami.
The waves destroyed 3,000 homes and damaged 2,000
Total
1,449
other homes.
Source: Ministry of Social Development and Human Security
Details of destroyed and damaged houses, as well as
the cost of the damage, are given in Table 3.
Traditional Fishing Communities and Ethnic Groups
Six months after the disaster approximately 7,000 people
Over 400 fishing communities were affected by the
were living in temporary shelters,
4
 and the figures for
tsunami.    Many already poor, struggling to make ends
September showed 2,900 persons still living in shelters.
5
meet, were particularly affected by the disaster.  Nearly
6,000 fishing boats were damaged or destroyed, and
Schools
nearly 7,000 sets of fishing gear lost.   Virtually all fish
hatcheries along the entire coast were washed away.
Around 20% of schools, serving 50,000 children in
Despite relatively rapid compensation schemes and
twenty districts, were affected by the tsunami.
6
  Five
support, these communities bore the brunt of the economic
schools were destroyed, and 19 more were damaged.
impact of the tsunami.
Others suffered the death of students or teachers.
Many schools lost furniture and equipment.    Damage
Among the vulnerable groups hardest hit by the tsunami
to school buildings and furniture was estimated at USD
were the ethnic groups and fishing communities living
0.8 Million.
7
   Quite remarkably, however, all schools had
along the coast.   Of the approximately 1,750 sea gypsy
reopened by January 10, 2005, with the majority having
households, nearly 1,000 households were affected by
already begun their school year on January 4, and 75%
the tsunami.
10
of children were back in school during the first week.
The Moken, Moklen and Urak Lawoi ethnic groups
Children
(sometimes referred to as `Sea Gypsies' or Chao Lay)
are a distinctive group of people whose lifestyles,
I
In the aftermath of the disaster, Thailand was left with
languages and cultures differ from the rest of Thai society.
MA
1,449 orphans  children who had lost one or both
Even though their name implies that some of these
NUS
parents or their immediate guardian.
8
  In the most
communities are nomadic,  most are now based in
 TE
devastated districts 50,000 children underwent the
semi permanent settlements along the Andaman
H
trauma of their normal lives and community anchors
Coast.    While these groups and fishing communities have
 TF
being severely disrupted.
9
 OTCA
4
 The Ministry of Social Development and Human Security, June 2005
P
5
 The Ministry of Social Development and Human Security, September 2005
 IM
6
 UNICEF Contribution to Tsunami One Year Later Report, November 2005
E
7
H
 Damage estimate from the ADPC report    Comprehensive Estimation of Damage and Losses in Thailand,  August 2005
 T
8
 The Ministry of Education, August 2005
 1
9
T
 UNICEF Contribution to Tsunami One Year Later Report, November 2005
R
10
 Community Organizations Development Institute estimates
PA
15
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