The Contribution of International Partners
Given its capacity, resources and institutions, Thailand did not appeal for international financial assistance but
welcomed technical support from international partners, including know how, equipment, and direct support
to the affected communities.
Financial and in kind contributions also came from foundations, the private sector and individuals from around
the world, in support of Thailand's response to the tsunami. The United Nations Country Team, bilateral agencies,
and international NGOs contributed more structured technical support, with allocations of USD 69 million for the
immediate and longer term recovery effort.
One year after the tsunami, as Thailand moves forward to ensure sustainable recovery for the communities and
areas affected by the disaster, it is faced with a number of challenges. These include the need to solve land
disputes, address the housing situation, the livelihood recovery of poor and vulnerable communities, rights
of migrant workers, the rights of children and long term social protection, improved local governance and
community participation, environmental rehabilitation, and community based disaster preparedness.
It is important that Thailand adequately addresses these challenges in the rebuilding effort, and as former United
States President, Bill Clinton, the Special Envoy of the UN for tsunami relief has insisted, ensures that the rebuilding
abide by the principle of build back better.