before NEMIS can be used to support the plan.  One FEMA official was 
concerned that there are no funds available for correlating the organizational 
changes with IT processes.  This official was unaware of any IT involvement 
in the National Response Plan development process.  Consequently, FEMA's 
IT managers now must identify ways to adapt existing systems to meet new 
response plan requirements.     
  
In conjunction with the National Response Plan, DHS developed the National 
Incident Management System in 2004 to provide guidance, such as common 
terminology and organizational processes, to enable first responders at all 
government levels to work together effectively during disasters.  First 
responders include federal, state, local, and tribal governments and private 
sector and nongovernmental organizations.  The National Incident 
Management System policy requires inter operability of response structure, 
equipment, communications, qualifications, and certifications.  According to 
National Incident Management System guidelines, maintaining an accurate 
picture of resource utilization is a critical component of incident management.  
The system requires standardized resource management across various first 
responder entities, as well as asset tracking over the lifecycle of an incident.   
LIMS III, FEMA's current logistics system, does not provide the type of up 
to date resource management that the National Incident Management System 
requires.  Resource tracking and management was the source of numerous 
problems during the Florida hurricanes, as will be more fully discussed in 
later sections of this report.  However, not only is LIMS III not integrated with 
other systems within FEMA, it does not provide the capability to view and 
share resource information across federal, state, and local first responders.  
Personnel at nearly all sites that we visited commented on the need for an 
improved resource tracking system to support NIMS.  A FEMA official said 
that system capacity requirements do not reflect the catastrophic magnitude of 
today's threats, and that system upgrades and integration have not kept pace 
with recent organizational, business process changes, or operational concepts.   
Departmentwide Initiatives Affect EP&R IT
    
DHS is developing two new departmentwide systems that have implications 
for EP&R IT management.  Specifically, 
Electronically Managing Enterprise 
Resources for Government Effectiveness and Efficiency
, known as 
eMerge
2
, is 
an ongoing project to consolidate and integrate DHS' budget, accounting and 
reporting, cost management, asset management, and acquisitions and grants 
functions.  In conjunction with 
eMerge
2
, DHS is also developing a 
departmentwide integrated human resource management system, the 
MAX
HR
Emergency Preparedness and Response Could Better Integrate Information Technology  
with Incident Response and Recovery 
Page 13 






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