would be useful, such as how long it takes a victim to register or get an
inspection after registration.
Officials in EP&R's Recovery Division said that they are working to establish
baselines this year against which to measure progress in reducing cost and
time for delivering individual and public assistance. However, until FEMA's
systems can capture the underlying performance data, the agency will be
unable to do so.
Challenges in Aligning IT with Evolving DHS Direction
In addition to addressing the need to align its strategic and IT planning with
DHS direction, EP&R faces the challenge of integrating its emergency
management approach with several emerging departmentwide initiatives.
Specifically, DHS implementation of the National Response Plan and the
National Incident Management System created new requirements that will
affect IT systems and processes. Additionally, the DHS Chief Financial
Officer's efforts to provide integrated resource management must be taken
into consideration as EP&R moves forward in its approach to managing IT.
Impact of the National Response Plan and National Incident Management
System on EP&R IT
The National Response Plan provides the framework for federal coordination
with state, local, and tribal governments, as well as the private sector during
disasters. DHS implemented the National Response Plan in December 2004,
according to the
Homeland Security Act of 2002
Presidential Directive 5.
The National Response Plan consolidates existing
federal government emergency response plans into a single, coordinated plan
to manage disaster response and recovery. This consolidated plan replaces the
Federal Response Plan, which FEMA previously used as the basis for
organizing its response and recovery operations. The new plan introduces
changes to the organizational structure for disaster management operations,
and will require software code updates to information systems.
For example, the NEMIS Access Control System assigns access rights to users
based on positions within the organization structure, which are defined in the
former Federal Response Plan. Moving to the National Response Plan has
changed this organizational structure and, consequently, affected NEMIS
Access Controls, requiring that new roles and rights be added to the system
Management of Domestic Incidents, Homeland Security Presidential Directive 5, February 28, 2003.
Emergency Preparedness and Response Could Better Integrate Information Technology
with Incident Response and Recovery