centers to assist victims on a long term basis. Emergency operations centers
at FEMA headquarters and at the Mount Weather facility near Bluemont,
Virginia, coordinate response and recovery operations nationwide.
In FY 2005, the EP&R directorate's CIO had a budget of approximately $80
million and a total of about 400 full time and temporary employees. The
CIO's office is responsible for designing, developing, testing, implementing,
and maintaining the operation of FEMA's systems, including the following
four key applications:
National Emergency Management Information System (NEMIS) is the
backbone IT system for response and recovery operations. FEMA uses
NEMIS to electronically enter, record, and manage information regarding
registered applicants for disaster assistance, obligations and payments,
mission assignments, and grants.
Integrated Financial Management Information System (IFMIS) forwards
financial information to the Department of Treasury for payment of
disaster assistance claims.
Logistics Information Management System III (LIMS III) maintains the
inventory of equipment and supplies.
Automated Deployment Database (ADD) is used to identify and deploy
personnel to disaster sites.
With the exception of NEMIS, these systems were not developed by and do
not solely belong to IT. However, IT partners with EP&R program areas in
providing support for these systems.
The CIO's office manages and maintains the IT infrastructure, i.e., networks,
databases, desktops, and telephone systems, to support operations of
permanent facilities at FEMA headquarters and regional locations. The CIO
also is responsible for providing the IT infrastructure to support hundreds of
emergency personnel at temporary disaster field offices and recovery centers,
often in remote locations. This involves running cable, establishing networks,
supplying wireless connectivity, and installing equipment for information
processing and data and voice communications. In addition, a national IT
helpdesk assists users in various ways such as providing and maintaining
system accounts, ensuring remote access, troubleshooting systems problems,
and making referrals to engineers for systems fixes.
Emergency Preparedness and Response Could Better Integrate Information Technology
with Incident Response and Recovery