Following the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, DHS was established to
prevent and deter terrorism, and to protect against and respond to threats and
hazards to the nation. The
Homeland Security Act of 2002
responsibility to the EP&R directorate to lead federal disaster response and
recovery activities. FEMA, transferred in its entirety into the EP&R
directorate, is directly responsible for executing this aspect of DHS' mission.
The organization chart below illustrates EP&R and FEMA within the context
of the DHS organization. (See Figure 1).
Under Secretary for
Under Secretary for Emergency
Preparedness and Response
DHS Chief Information
Chemical, Biological, Radiological
and Nuclear Response Teams
Federal Emergency Management
Division (CIO office)
Figure 1: EP&R/FEMA Organization
When devastation exceeds the capability and resources of local and state
governments to respond they turn to the federal government for assistance.
gives FEMA the authority to lead the disaster response and
Public Law 107 296, November 25, 2002.
Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act
, as amended by Public Law 106 390, October 30,
Emergency Preparedness and Response Could Better Integrate Information Technology
with Incident Response and Recovery