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182. R&D into more efficient community designs and urban forms is also warranted by the existing evidence,
and for a number of complementary reasons including GHG reduction, energy savings, pollution reduction and travel
time savings. Such efforts need to target both the potential GHG emission reductions of different land use arrangements
and the potential for the more promising arrangements to be made attractive to the residents and businesses that will
need to live in them. Given the longer term payoffs expected from this sort of R&D, a federal role would seem to be cen
tral to serious progress. Sophisticated software tools need to be developed to support this process.
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