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51. An energy service company (ESCO) is a business that develops, installs, and finances projects designed to
improve the energy efficiency and maintenance costs of facilities. ESCOs generally act as project developers for a wide
range of tasks and assume the technical and performance risk associated with the project (Source:
http://www.naesco.org/meminfo.htm, February 4, 2005).
53. Hassell, S., et al. 2003. op.cit, p. 47.
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study in which more than 50 design professionals and analysts were interviewed shows that the prevailing fee structures
provide incentives to control the capital cost of the project (Lovins, A. 1992. Energy Efficient Buildings: Institutional
Barriers and Opportunities. Strategic Issues Paper. E Source, Inc., Boulder, CO, December).
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Barriers and their Impact on Distributed Power Projects. NREL/SR 200 28053. National Renewable Energy Laboratory,
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58. Many states do not have net metering programs. Other states require net metering only for investor owned
utilities. In a few states, the Public Utilities Commission has mandated net metering programs for all utilities. There are
also state by state variations in the types of on site power that are eligible for net metering photovoltaics and wind
almost always qualify, but fuel cells are rarely covered by net metering legislation (Office of Energy Efficiency and
Renewable Energy. 2003. The Green Power Network, Green Power Markets, Net Metering Policies webpage. U.S.
Department of Energy, June, http://www.eere.energy.gov/greenpower/markets/netmetering.shtml, February 4, 2005).
59. Hassett, K., and G. Metcalf. 1993. Energy conservation investments: do consumers discount the future
correctly? Energy Policy 21(6): 710 716.
60. A ground coupled heat pump (also known as a geothermal or ground source heat pump) is a heating and
Towards a Climate Friendly