6. James Torrance, Worship, Community and the Triune God of Grace, Paternoster, 1996,
7. David Bosch, Transforming Mission, Orbis, 1991, p. 390.
8. Tim Dearborn, Beyond Duty: a passion for Christ, a heart for mission, MARC, 1998.
9. Robin Greenwood, Practising Community, SPCK, 1996, p. 28.
10. 1 Corinthians 3.11.
11. Daniel Hardy, Finding the Church, SCM Press, 2001, p. 4.
12. Luke 1.35.
13. Hebrews 9.14.
14. Justin Martyr, First Apology 44 and Second Apology 9 and 13. The text can be
downloaded from www.earlychristianwritings.com/justin.html.
15. E. Penoukou, L'eglise d'Afrique: Propositions pour l'Avenir, Paris 1984, described by
Aylward Shorter, Towards a Theology of Inculturation, Geoffrey Chapman, 1988.
16. All references to the Incarnation, or to an incarnational principle, in this report refer to the
culturally specific nature of Christ's Incarnation, as a principle for Christian mission.
17. See Lamin Sanneh, Translating the Message: The Missionary Impact on Culture, Orbis,
18. From the Decree on the Church's Missionary Activity of the Second Vatican Council, Ad
Gentes 10 in Austin Flannery (ed.), Vatican Council II; The Conciliar and Post Conciliar
Documents, Costello Publishing Company, 1988, pp. 824 5.
19. Miroslav Volf, Exclusion and Embrace, Abingdon Press, 1996, p. 25.
20. John 12.32.
21. Morna Hooker `Interchange in Christ' in From Adam to Christ: Essays on Paul, Cambridge
University Press, 1990, pp. 13 72, and `A Partner in the Gospel: Paul's Understanding of
His Ministry' in Theology and Ethics in Paul and his Interpreters, Eugene H. Lovering and
Jerry L. Sumney (eds), Abingdon, 1996, pp. 83 100.
22. Irenaeus famously made the statement that `God became man that man might become
God' in his understanding of Christ's undoing of Adam's sin. This idea was taken up by
Augustine and later Aquinas.
23. 1 Corinthians 9.19ff.
24. Gerald Arbuckle, Grieving for Change: a Spirituality for Refounding Gospel Communities,
Geoffrey Chapman, 1991, p. 118. As a Roman Catholic writer, Arbuckle uses the term
`inculturation' to indicate evangelization as involving a process of exchange in which the
gospel is inserted into the very heart of a culture.
25. John 20.21.
26. See also 1 Corinthians 11.1.
27. 1 Corinthians 15.20 22.
28. Philippians 3.10.
29. 1 Corinthians 15.58.
30. 1 Corinthians 15.20, Romans 8.23.
31. 1 Corinthians 15.3 11.
32. The Spirit is the first fruits of the harvest that will be reaped at the end of the age
(Romans 8.23). The Spirit is the down payment, the first part of what will be received in
full when Christ returns (2 Corinthians 1.22; 5.5; Ephesians 1.14). The Spirit is the seal
that guarantees `the day of redemption' (2 Corinthians 1.21,22; Ephesians 1.13; 4.30).
The Spirit is the present dynamic power of the future age (Hebrews 6.4,5; Acts 1.8;
1 Corinthians 4.5).
33. See Presence and Prophecy, Churches Together in Britain and Ireland/Church House
Publishing, 2002, p. 26.
34. Lamin Sanneh, Translating the Message: The Missionary Impact on Culture, Orbis, 1989.