U.S. bilateral programs generally can be categorized as noncredit and
credit/insurance programs. Noncredit programs include technical
assistance, exchanges and training, food and commodity donations,
science and technological programs, and support for joint space efforts.
Credit/insurance programs include loan, loan guarantees, and insurance.
From fiscal year 1990 through December 31, 1994, the U.S. government
obligated $5.4 billion and expended $3.5 billion for bilateral, noncredit
programs with the former Soviet Union (
). (See figure I.1.)