Market integration
  Describes how efficiently the market functions in moving goods
and services through the different stages in the production process to the final destination
  the consumer of the end product (see spatial integration).
Market structure
  the number of buyers and sellers, their size distribution, the degree of
product differentiation, and the ease of entry of new firms into an industry.
Nominal
  An adjective which describes the measurement of an economic magnitude in
current prices. The opposite of real.
Normal good: 
This is a good or service on which more money is spent on as one's level
of income increases.
Price
  The price of a good or service shows what has to be given up in order to obtain a
good or service. Prices act as signals that coordinate the actions of market participants.
Supply and demand conditions are thus reflected in market prices. When market supply is
large compared to demand prices are low. When demand is great relative to supply,
prices are high.
Security stock
  Government managed food reserves also referred to as  strategic grain
reserves   SGR. 
Spatial average
  Average across space.
Spatial integration
  The degree to which price signals are transmitted between the
different hierarchical levels (processing, transport, and storage), i.e., the different
economic actors of a subsector (consumers, small scale retailers, wholesalers, collectors,
and producers). Common indicators of spatial integration are price margins between pairs
of markets (the more constant these margins the more integrated the markets) and the
coefficients of price correlation between markets (a strong degree of integration is
implied by high coefficients).
Subsector: 
This is all aspects of the production through consumption of a particular
commodity (including all aspects of marketing).
Temporal average
  Average through time.
Thin market
  Markets that do not have large volumes of trade.  The implication is that
there can be large swings in prices (up or down) as a result of increases in supply or
demand.  Prices obtained from thin markets are less reliable or informative about market
conditions.
Transactions costs
  Those costs other than price which are incurred in trading goods and
services, for example the cost of information and the cost of legalizing transactions.
These costs can be substantial.
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