these policies (and their enforcement) guide the structure, conduct and performance
of markets since they can limit what different people in the marketing system (e.g.,
traders) can do
these policies provide useful context to understand price behavior since sometimes
odd marketing behavior can be explained by the types and enforcement of specific
marketing policies
The existence and enforcement of policies have a very large influence on either encouraging
or discouraging the marketing of agricultural products.  Examples are policies like
administered pricing (panseasonal or  panterritorial pricing), establish and guide the
functioning of a marketing board, and the restriction of individuals or the private sector to
process or move agricultural commodities.  All of these policies have occurred in the recent
past in southern Africa.  An understanding of these policies can enhance the quality of
monitoring and interpreting price and market behavior.
Appendix F provides suggestions on the types of marketing policies that exist in a particular
country. An example of a completed worksheet is presented in Figure 3.5.
Figure 3.5: Sample completed worksheet on historical and current marketing policies
Appendix F
3.
Assembly
:
Describe any policies that enhance or constrain the assembly of cereals in your country
Worksheet to identify historical and current agricultural marketing
(e.g., encourage or discourage competition).
policies
             None
_____________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
This worksheet will guide the analyst through a series of steps to identify the marketing policies
___________________________________________________________
that affect the marketing system.  The information generated in this worksheet will be important
to put past and future changes in price and market behavior into context.  This worksheet can be
used for any agricultural commodities (staple foods, cash crops, or livestock).
4.
Transportation
:
Describe any policies that enhance or constrain the transportation of cereals in your
Steps
:
country (e.g., encourage or discourage competition).
            None
______________________________________________________
1.
Controlled prices
:
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
a.
Describe past (in the last twenty years)policies to control food prices.
From  1964 to 1992 maize meal prices were controlled.  Also
there
5.
Storage
:
were both production and consumption subsidies.
Describe any policies that enhance or constrain the storage of cereals in your country
___________________________________________________________
(e.g., encourage or discourage competition).
b.
Describe any current policies to control food prices.
            None
______________________________________________________
None
______________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
6.
Processing
:
2.
Cereal marketing boards
:
Describe any policies that enhance or constrain the processing of cereals in your
a.
In the last twenty years was there a cereal marketing board?  Yes      No
country (e.g., encourage or discourage competition).
(If no go to the next section)
Current liberalized marketing polices allow subsidized processed
b.
If yes, please describe the changes in how the cereal marketing board
functioned during this period.   
Too long to describe in space see
products to come into the country______________________________
_______________________________________________________________
attached page
_____________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
c.
Is there still a cereal marketing board?
Yes
N o
(If no go to the next section)
d.
If yes, please describe how the cereal marketing board currently functions.
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
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