29. The success of UN restrictions means the development of new longer range
missiles is likely to be a slow process. These restrictions impact particularly on the:
availability of foreign expertise;
conduct of test flights to ranges above 150km;
acquisition of guidance and control technology.
30. Saddam remains committed to developing longer range missiles. Even if
sanctions remain effective, Iraq might achieve a missile capability of over
1000km within 5 years (Figure 7 shows the range of Iraq's various missiles). 
31. Iraq has managed to rebuild much of the missile production infrastructure
destroyed in the Gulf War and in Operation Desert Fox in 1998 (see Part 2). New
missile related infrastructure is also under construction. Some aspects of this,
including rocket propellant mixing and casting facilities at the al Mamoun Plant,
appear to replicate those linked to the prohibited Badr 2000 programme (with a
planned range of 700 1000km) which were destroyed in the Gulf War or
dismantled by UNSCOM. A new plant at al Mamoun for indigenously
producing ammonium perchlorate, which is a key ingredient in the production
of solid propellant rocket motors, has also been constructed. This has been
provided illicitly by NEC Engineers Private Limited, an Indian chemical
engineering firm with extensive links in Iraq, including to other suspect facilities
such as the Fallujah 2 chlorine plant. After an extensive investigation, the Indian
authorities have recently suspended its export licence, although other individuals
and companies are still illicitly procuring for Iraq.
32. Despite a UN embargo, Iraq has also made concerted efforts to acquire
additional production technology, including machine tools and raw materials, in
breach of UN Security Council Resolution 1051. The embargo has succeeded in
blocking many of these attempts, such as requests to buy magnesium powder
and ammonium chloride. But we know from intelligence that some items have
found their way to the Iraqi ballistic missile programme. More will inevitably
continue to do so. Intelligence makes it clear that Iraqi procurement agents and
front companies in third countries are seeking illicitly to acquire propellant
chemicals for Iraq's ballistic missiles. This includes production level quantities
of near complete sets of solid propellant rocket motor ingredients such as
aluminium powder, ammonium perchlorate and hydroxyl terminated
polybutadiene. There have also been attempts to acquire large quantities of
liquid propellant chemicals such as Unsymmetrical Dimethylhydrazine
(UDMH) and diethylenetriamene. We judge these are intended to support
production and deployment of the al Samoud and development of longer range

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