28. Intelligence has confirmed that Iraq wants to extend the range of its missile
systems to over 1000km, enabling it to threaten other regional neighbours. This
work began in 1998, although efforts to regenerate the long range ballistic
missile programme probably began in 1995. Iraq's missile programmes employ
hundreds of people. Satellite imagery (Figure 6) has shown a new engine test
stand being constructed (A), which is larger than the current one used for al
Samoud (B), and that formerly used for testing SCUD engines (C) which was
dismantled under UNSCOM supervision. This new stand will be capable of
testing engines for medium range ballistic missiles (MRBMs) with ranges over
1000km, which are not permitted under UN Security Council Resolution 687.
Such a facility would not be needed for systems that fall within the UN
permitted range of 150km. The Iraqis have recently taken measures to conceal
activities at this site. Iraq is also working to obtain improved guidance
technology to increase missile accuracy.
FIGURE 6: AL RAFAH/SHAHIYAT LIQUID PROPELLANT ENGINE STATIC TEST STAND