9. But the threat from Iraq does not depend solely on the capabilities we have
described. It arises also because of the violent and aggressive nature of Saddam
Hussein's regime. His record of internal repression and external aggression gives
rise to unique concerns about the threat he poses. The paper briefly outlines in
Part 3 Saddam's rise to power, the nature of his regime and his history of regional
aggression. Saddam's human rights abuses are also catalogued, including his
record of torture, mass arrests and summary executions.
10. The paper briefly sets out how Iraq is able to finance its weapons programme.
Drawing on illicit earnings generated outside UN control, Iraq generated illegal
income of some $3 billion in 2001.