65
Sub Saharan Africa:
There were approximately 15 million Africans
assisted in FY 1996 under emergency programs by USAID.
The Food
for Peace (FFP) program reached about 6.2 million people, 60% of
the targeted population.
The Agency's foreign disaster
assistance (OFDA) reached 8.7 million people, but reliable
statistics regarding the size of the total needy target
population were not available.
Baselines are being established
to report on mortality rates and changes in nutritional status
for vulnerable groups in emergencies that will result from the
use of FY 1999 funds.
In those instances where data exists in
countries the programs appear to be highly successful.
Asia and Near East:
USAID emergency programs in Asia assisted
6.9 million persons in 1996.
This number represented over half
of the estimated need.
OFDA programs addressed the needs of
approximately 43% of this population and FFP served 68%.
Baselines are being established to report on indicators for FY
1999.
Latin America and the Caribbean:
In Haiti, proxy health targets
for 1999 are measles immunization of 63% of children aged 12 to
24 months and reduction of acute malnutrition rates for children
under 3 years to 25% or less.
There is concern about the ability
to meet these targets in spite of the fact that the large USAID
food aid will double in size in FY 1999 as a USAID/World Bank job
creation scheme will come to completion and the economy is
showing little sign of recovery.
Europe and the New Independent States:
The Agency funded anti 
diphtheria campaigns in FY 1996 and more recently reached over 22
million people in Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Moldova,
Tajikistan, and Ukraine.
These coordinated campaigns drastically
curtailed the NIS diphtheria outbreak and have saved thousands of
lives.
Many of the most vulnerable of these people, especially
in the Caucasus and in Tajikistan are assisted through USAID
funded programs. In the absence of baseline information on child
health in Tajikistan, a proxy USAID performance goal is reduction
in the numbers of families reporting difficulty in 1996, 86
percent, in feeding their families.
In 1999 that figure is
projected to be 40 percent.
In Armenia, USAID has implemented a
program to complete a voluntary nation wide registration to
target vulnerable people.
This program uses a sophisticated
algorithm based on proxies for vulnerability to determine the
most vulnerable of the population and is used to apportion
humanitarian assistance.
About 13% of Armenia's total population
are classified "most vulnerable".
A similar targeting system is
planned for Georgia, where programs to assist those populations
displaced by the conflict in Abkhazia will continue.
New efforts
that transition to more developmental programs are planned in
Abkhazia.
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