To the extent that these people vote with hands and
feet and return home and are successfully resettled and become
with our support productive members of society, this is a measure
of success of USAID assistance and programs.
A new indicator has
been chosen for effective and efficient response in times of
emergency using reduction in mortality rates.
The Agency, with
other donors, will be exploring the use and a more institutional
approach to measure changes in nutritional status of children
under five years of age in emergencies and will pilot test
several efforts.
The Agency will also monitor changes in trends
of economic and political freedoms in transition countries and
situations as these will provide indications of enhanced
stability to lessen the potential for crisis and conflict.
efforts will be captured under a "watching brief" by the Agency,
particularly the G Bureau D/G and EG Centers, to monitor both
those countries deemed at risk of falling back from the cusp of
sustainable development into crisis and those attempting post
conflict reconstruction.
As part of the APP, the Agency will also focus intensely on
several post conflict transitions and work strategically with the
European Union under the New Transatlantic Agenda (NTA) and
selected other donors to support more effective, political and
economic transitions.
These countries are Bosnia Herzegovina,
Liberia, Congo (Great Lakes), Haiti and Cambodia.
These and the
countries making up the innovative Greater Horn of Africa
Initiative (Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, Sudan, Uganda, Tanzania,
Rwanda, Burundi and Kenya) will be the focus of the Agency to
work in a more strategic and integrated manner across programs
and bureaus and will be a focus of analysis and reporting under
the APP for FY 1999 and 2000.
The unpredictability, however, of international disasters and
complex emergencies, security concerns, and the difficulty of
obtaining accurate baseline data in a rapidly changing emergency
situation creates special measurement problems.
To offset these
problems, USAID began working with its partners in 1997 to
develop and test results and progress indicators appropriate for
emergency situations.
This work will continue through FY 1998.
Therefore, it is expected that the indicators and targets set
forth below will change and that these changes will be noted and
explained in the Agency's FY 1999 Performance Report.
The Agency is making increased use of integrated strategic plans
(ISPs) in the Horn of Africa and elsewhere to ensure that all USG
resources committed in selected transition countries are
contributing to well defined strategic objectives and make
tracking results more transparent in FY 1997.
Approximately 20
strategic objectives to support transitions were developed in the
Sub saharan region, and 10 to support emergency situations.
included Eastern Africa and the Greater Horn of Africa Initiative
(GHAI), the Sahel Region, and several countries in West Africa.

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