60
USAID is working with the Government of the Philippines to
transfer management responsibility and user rights to communities
that border or are located within public forest lands.
In return
for protecting and managing the forests, the communities are
given the right to harvest some forest products within the limits
of an approved management plan.
These  social fences  have
already significantly reduced the incidence of slash and burn
agriculture and fire in areas under management.
Under this
program, an estimated 10% (500,000 hectares) of the country s
remaining forests will be under sustainable management in 1999.
Latin America and the Caribbean:
USAID focuses on natural
resource management in Bolivia, Jamaica, Haiti, El Salvador,
Honduras, Panama, and the Central America region.
USAID
strategically concentrates its efforts in sustainable forestry
management to those countries which possess the largest extent of
intact forests not found in protected areas:
Bolivia and
Honduras.
With FY 1999 funds, it is expected that the pilot
projects in reduced impact management and certified community
forestry management will become economically self sustaining.
These examples will be disseminated throughout Bolivia.
In
Honduras, FY 1999 funds will enable over 100,000 hectares of pine
forests to be managed in an environmentally and economically
sustainable manner.
The remainder of the USAID natural resource management efforts in
region emphasize sustainable agriculture and coastal zone
management.
Key examples include: (a) in Haiti, FY 1999 funds
will be used to promote sustainable small farmer agriculture and
will increase the country's total area under sustainable,
agro forestry systems to 150,000 hectares;
(b) in Jamaica, we
anticipate improved coastal water quality for around 400,000
tourists in key coastal areas, thereby helping local economic
development; (c) in El Salvador, we will initiate a cross 
sectoral effort to improve access to clean water in four poverty 
stricken municipalities.
We will improve both water delivery
systems, downstream watersheds, and reduce pollutants which
tarnish the water system.
Europe and the New Independent States:
USAID supports natural
resource management efforts in Albania and the Russian Far East.
The Albanian Private Forestry Development Project (APFDP)
provides policy advice and demonstration management projects that
will inculcate sustainable forest management practices at the
local and national level.
Through an inter agency agreement with
the Peace Corps, APFDP promotes private, on farm agroforestry
development through the Peace Corps' Private Farm Forestry
Project, complementing a broader World Bank effort to develop a
formal agricultural extension system.
In the Russian Far East,
USAID supports sustainable forestry to promote alternatives to
unfinished wood export.
In general, acreage of managed land has
been increased and forestry practices improved.
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