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Sub Saharan Africa:
USAID supports natural resource management
in the Central African region (Cameroon, Central African
Republic, Congo, Gabon and Zaire), Guinea, Madagascar, Malawi,
Mali, Namibia, Senegal, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
The Agency supports community based natural resources management
programs in Africa to build basic capacity.
In Zimbabwe, FY 1999
revenues from wildlife based enterprises are expected to be
triple present levels in participating rural district councils
and in Uganda, households adopting improved soil conservation
practices will increase from 1,685 today to 2,550 in FY 1999.
USAID is assisting the government of Madagascar in establishing
the Masoala National Park to preserve its largest rain forest.
The park will cover 840 square miles and includes delicate
ecosystems and some of the world's rarest animals. Our new
Madagascar strategy will directly address development and
conservation through the suitable use of natural resources in
broader landscapes.
Efforts to help households in peripheral
zones find alternatives to destructive practices are well
underway, with preliminary results in one zone showing household
participation at 19%.
Targets of 50% household participation are
expected to be met or exceeded by 1999.
Targets of increased
percentage of off season crop production and total kilometers of
rehabilitated roads are expected to be met or exceeded.
Asia and the Near East:
USAID has significant natural resource
management programs in Indonesia, Nepal, the Philippines, and Sri
Lanka.
In Indonesia, USAID assisted parks, protected areas, and
community based forest and coastal resources that are stabilized
or improved as a result of USAID intervention are projected to be
260,000 hectares in 1998 and 345,000 hectares in 1999.
A measure
of USAID s success in strengthening community organizations and
local institutions can be made from the number of site specific
management plans agreed upon by stakeholder groups and the
government of Indonesia, with sufficient resources allocated to
implement them.
The number of such sites is predicted to
increase from six in 1994 to 36 in 1998 and 56 in 1999.
In Nepal, USAID has developed a market led approach to encourage
farmers to switch from traditional grain to sustainable
production of the forest and high value commodities from the
forest.
Annual sales of forest and high value agricultural
commodities are predicted to be $20.55 million in 1998 and $25.06
million in 1999, up from less than $5 million just three years
ago.
USAID management plans have led to the formation of
community forest user groups, which are highly effective in
increasing the production of forest biomass.
These groups are
estimated to number 1150 in 1998 and 1338 in 1999, up from 586 in
1995.
The number of hectares officially turned over to these
groups is projected to be 92,469 in 1998 and 108,469 in 1999.
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