58
Agency Strategic Goal:
The World's Environment Protected for Long Term
Sustainability
Indicators:
(a) GDP per unit of energy use
(b) percent of energy production from renewable sources.
Source:
World Development Indicators (Table 3.5); USAID calculations
Performance Goal 5:
Energy conserved
YEAR
1994
1999
*
through increased efficiency and reliance
on renewable sources.
PLANNED
3.7
ACTUAL
3.5
Note:
Since the most recently available
AFR
PLN
7.0
information is from 1994, projecting this
to 1999 is difficult at best.
A nominal
ACT
6.7
one percent per year increase over five
years of the energy efficiency ratio is
ANE
PLN
2.1
given for 1999.
For example, if the
carbon emission growth rate is 10.0 in
ACT
2.8
1994, the 1999 figure would be 10.5.
LAC
PLN
3.2
*If current data reporting remains the
3.0
same, actual 1999 figures would not be
available until 2004.
ENI
PLN
0.95
ACT
0.9
Comment(s):
Energy Efficiency:
The energy efficiency indicator is a
measure of GDP per unit of energy use, defined as the U.S. dollar
estimate of real GDP (at 1987 prices) per kilogram of oil equivalent of
commercial energy use.
The larger this ratio is, the greater the
energy efficiency.
Energy efficiency data are not particularly
reliable in the Central Asia Eastern Europe region, but energy
efficiency is relatively low, so there is room for improvement.
The
economies of Armenia and the Russian Federation had decreasing energy
efficiency during the 1980 1994 period (4.3 2.6, and 0.6 0.5
respectively).
Increasing efficiency trends are noted in Bulgaria,
Hungary, Poland, and Romania.
Other ENI countries do not have energy
efficiency data for the period.
The most recent ratios on energy
efficiency will serve as benchmarks for future trends.
When trends are
established, USAID will be in better position to plan in this
performance goal area.
6.
Natural resource management:
Deforestation rate in tropical
forests reduced and management of natural forests and tree
systems improved.
Loss of the world's forests is a major environmental problem.
The Agency will focus on slowing the rate of deforestation and
improving the management of forested areas. Activities will
include utilization of reduced impact harvesting; rehabilitation
of degraded forest land and participation in community forest
management.
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