sector are focused on increasing the use and management of fresh
water supplies, and improving the volume and quality of treated
In Jordan, the volume of fresh water saved through preserving
water quality and improving efficiency and storage is predicted
to be 57 million m
in 1998 and 84 million m
volume of waste water treated to levels safe for irrigation is
estimated to increase from none in 1996 to 53 million m
and 60 million m
In Egypt, 9 million and 9.6 million
people in 1998 and 1999, respectively, will be served by USAID
funded waste water conveyance and treatment facilities in urban
centers. In both 1998 and 1999, it is predicted that over 1
billion liters of water per day will be treated to design
USAID activities in Morocco are predicted to result
in water savings of 30 million m
and 70 million m
per year in
1998 and 1999 respectively.
USAID support there is also
connecting poor, urban households to sewerage and potable water,
with an added 26% of households connected by 1998 and 41% by
1999, compared to 1994.
USAID efforts in the West Bank and Gaza have been stymied by
political obstacles, but progress in the water sector has been
and is continuing to be made.
USAID assistance will lead to the
upgrading of waste water services to 60% of the households in
Gaza by 1999.
Also in the next two years, USAID will provide
support to expand the Gaza Waste Water Treatment Plant to handle
an additional 18,000 cubic meters per day of effluent, providing
relief from the sewage overflow problem in Gaza.
to increase the potable water supply will improve transmission
and delivery for approximately 720,000 West Bank residents, and
expand the water supply system to another 170,000 people by 1999
Europe and the New Independent States:
USAID's FY 1999 programs
focus on the municipal level services throughout the region.
Increased Access To Sanitation Services:
Countries reporting in
this area show that 80 to 95 percent of their urban population
had access to sanitation services.
While access to sanitation
services appears to be adequate, a number of issues remain
problematic, including the quality of treatment of collected
sewage, processing and handling of waste, the mixing of domestic
and industrial wastes, and high maintenance sewage processing.
Furthermore, the transfer of sanitation services from central to
local jurisdictions has been hampered by insufficient fee
Increased Access to Safe Drinking Water:
The Agency considers
improvements in the reliability, quality and quantity of potable
water to be of paramount importance to populations affected by
the Aral Sea disaster.
Trends indicate that the focus is on