Ecuador and Nicaragua have relatively high levels of government
commitment to the environment.
All of the other USAID assisted
countries in LAC with environmental programs have a medium level
Conservation of biologically significant
USAID has improved conservation of biodiversity in over 40
USAID's overall biodiversity conservation goal
is to increase this area to 75 million hectares over a ten year
period in USAID assisted countries. This means that an additional
3.5 million hectares per year will be added to the Agency s
biodiversity portfolio. An analysis must be made on a regional
basis of where the Agency needs to focus its efforts in the
USAID works with host countries and partners to improve the
management of biologically significant areas both within and
outside of officially protected areas. Both qualitative and
quantitative measures should be looked at, however, no existing
international database provides these data on an annual basis.
Sub Saharan Africa:
USAID assisted countries most important for
biodiversity conservation in sub Saharan Africa include
Madagascar, Tanzania and Uganda, and the Central Africa Region.
A proxy indicator for this performance goal is the percentage of
total land area protected.
For example, in FY 1999 Madagascar is
expected to increase its number of hectares under protected
status by 620,000 ha, to 1.8 million ha, or 10 percent of all
forested areas in Madagascar.
This is a significant increase
from the 1.18 million ha currently (1997) under protected status.
Asia and the Near East:
The Agency's draft Strategy for
Biodiversity Conservation identified critical habitat globally
important for biodiversity in Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Nepal,
the Philippines, and Sri Lanka.
In FY 1999, the only remaining large program in forestry and
protected areas in this region is in Indonesia.
As USAID reduces
missions in the region, lack of staff to manage biodiversity
programs will have a direct impact on contributions to these
However, significant strides will continue to be
made in biodiversity conservation through the Agency s
established endowment funds such as Indonesia Biodiversity
Foundation (or KEHATI), which is now a successful, self
Latin America and the Caribbean:
The following biogeographic
regions in Latin America and the Caribbean are considered to be
globally important for biodiversity, according to the Agency's
draft Strategy for Biological Diversity: