47
measure is an index which includes the following indicators:
national conservation strategies, national environmental action
plans (NEAPs), and country environmental profiles.
Another
indication of a country's commitment is whether it has signed or
ratified international treaties, including the UN Framework
Convention on Climate Change, the Vienna Convention for the
Protection of the Ozone, the Montreal Protocol for CFC Control,
the Law of the Sea, and the Convention on International Trade in
Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna.
Sub Saharan Africa:
According to this indicator, six governments
have relatively high levels of commitment to the environment; and
nine have a medium level of commitment.
Angola, Eritrea, and the
Democratic Republic of the Congo have a low level of commitment.
In addition to the formal plans and agreements, trends seem to
indicate that governments are working in closer partnership with
the population, particularly those in the rural regions.
Countries such as Botswana, Madagascar, Guinea, and Niger have
shown progress in this regard.
In Uganda, rural district
environmental advisors will increase from 19 districts today, to
30 in FY 1999, while the USAID supported National Management
Authority will have prepared Uganda's new National Environmental
Action Plan.
Asia and the Near East:
Commitment in the region ranges from the
Philippines, with an almost perfect score to Cambodia, Morocco,
and the West Bank/Gaza with low levels of commitment.
Europe and the New Independent States:
According to this
measure, commitment in this region ranges from medium to low, but
with many governments actively developing environmental plans.
Poland, Russian Federation, and Romania have a medium level of
commitment.
Albania, Armenia, Georgia, Lithuania, Kyrgyz
Republic, Moldova, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Tajikistan,
Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan currently fall in the low
range.
With USAID assistance, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and
Uzbekistan will complete National Environmental Action Plans
(NEAPs) in FY 1998.
USAID has already assisted Albania,
Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Kazakstan, the Kyrgyz
Republic, Poland, Romania, and the Slovak Republic with the
completion of their NEAPS.
Rather than NEAPs, Regional
Environmental Action Plans are being developed in Russia with
USAID support.
Bulgaria's National Biological Diversity
Conservation Strategy was one of the first national level
strategies to be completed following the adoption of the UN
Convention on Biological Diversity in Rio de Janeiro in 1992.
Latin America and the Caribbean:
Trend data are not available
for this indicator, however available information on plans and
treaty participation can serve as benchmark.
Accordingly,
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