43
estimated 500,000 Brazilians infected with HIV.
The HIV/AIDS
epidemic is spreading rapidly in Central America:
between 1988
and 1992, the annual number of AIDS cases rose by 190%.
It is
estimated that more than 200,000 people in the region had been
infected with HIV as of 1996.
However, HIV/AIDS prevention
programs in Central America, Brazil, and in the Caribbean
countries are expected to result in a reduction in the number of
new HIV infections in those regions between 1996 and 1999.
Agency Strategic Goal:
World Population Stabilized and Human Health
Protected
Indicators:
Number of new HIV infections
Source:
UNAIDS
Performance Goal 4
:
Number of new HIV
YEAR
1997
1999
infections slowed.
PLANNED
ACTUAL
5,826
Number in 000's
AFR
PLN
ACT
4,000
ANE
PLN
ACT
1,670
LAC
PLN
ACT
227
ENI
PLN
ACT
100
Comment(s):
While data on numbers of new infections will only be
available every three or four years, on an annual basis, USAID tracks
progress against these goals by looking at tracking program level
indicators, including rate of reporting condom use, % decrease in
reported prevalence of selected sexually transmitted infections, and
volume of USAID condoms shipped to HIV emphasis countries.
Europe and the New Independent States:
While data are very poor,
numbers of HIV infections have rapidly increased in several of
the countries in the region, most notably Ukraine and Russia.
With the increase in drug abuse and commercial sex after the fall
of the Soviet Union, there was a dramatic increase in new HIV
infections.
Presently there are between 10,000 and 100,000 HIV
infected persons in Russia with between 800,000 to 1,000,000
infections projected by the year 2000.
The potential exists for
the epidemic to grow rapidly in other countries in the region
given the low levels of knowledge of HIV/AIDS and use of
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