Agency Strategic Goal:
World Population Stabilized and Human Health
Early neonatal mortality rate
Demographic and Health Survey
Performance Goal 3
ratio reduced by 10 percent by 2007.
Percent reduction in neonatal mortality
rate on a regional basis
Annual change is marked primarily by progress at the
intervention level, notably by increases in the proportion of births
attended by trained providers, a key factor in reducing maternal
While not shown in this table, this proportion is expected
to increase by 1% per year in a USAID assisted countries, contributing
to the planned reduction in maternal mortality by the end of the
strategic plan period.
As a proxy for maternal mortality, neonatal mortality rates are
expected to decline by 2% on average by 1999 as a benchmark toward the
2007 targets of a 10% decline.
* Neonatal mortality rate is not used as a proxy measure for countries
in the ENI region, as high rates of mortality are due largely to high
rates of abortion, and neonatal mortality is therefore not an sensitive
measure of progress in reducing maternal mortality in the region.
Progress is measured by maternal mortality ratios in specific
reporting period, results from community level actions throughout
the region will contribute to a decline in maternal mortality
over the next ten years.
In at least 11 countries, there will be
at least a 1% annual increase in the proportion of births
attended by trained providers.
This key intervention will
directly contribute to overall reductions in maternal mortality.
Another key factor in reducing maternal mortality is political
commitment to recognizing and addressing the problem at the
community as well as the national level.
During this reporting
period, there will be at least a five percent increase in the
percentage of districts that have made a clear commitment and