well as contribute to reductions in rates of abortion and in
maternal mortality rates.
Agency Strategic Goal:
World Population Stabilized and Human Health
Total fertility rate
World Development Indicators l997 (Table 2.2)
Performance Goal 1:
reduced by 20 percent by 2007.
Percent decline in TFR
TFR measures only one aspect of the goals of this
In addition to reducing overall fertility rates, reductions
in unintended pregnancies through increased access, use and quality of
family planning and reproductive health programs contribute to improved
maternal and child health.
For ENI reductions in TFR are counted only
for the Central Asian Republics.
In other countries, these programs
contribute to reduced incidence of abortion and reduced maternal
With a 10 year benchmark for fertility reduction of 20% from baseline
levels, we expect to see a 5% reduction by 1999.
Mortality rates for infants and children under the age of
five reduced by 25 percent.
USAID's programs will contribute to improved infant and child
health and reduced mortality by improving child health and
nutrition practices and services and strengthening the systems
that deliver them.
In addition to specific results in country
programs, in FY 1999, USAID will continue to intensify its effort
to eliminate vitamin A deficiency; vitamin A deficiency affects
more than 250 million children under 5 worldwide and
significantly impacts on child mortality.
USAID will also
contribute to the global effort to eradicate polio by the year
2000; effectively institute programs to social market impregnated
bednets for the prevention of malaria in at least two countries;
advance development of malaria diagnostics and unijects for