Sub Saharan Africa:
Half of the primary school aged children in
Sub Saharan Africa are not enrolled in school.
countries, figures on net enrollments are not available; gross
enrollment ratios include both over and under age children in
Enrollment rates vary widely among countries in
In terms of access, the primary enrollment rate in
Mali and Ethiopia is under 30%.
It is 81% in Ghana and 59% in
Most countries in the region would need to accelerate the
growth of enrollment considerably to reach the DAC goals by 2015.
Since 1987, USAID has focused its basic education investments in
a limited set of African countries (originally 12, now reduced to
9) where the need was great and where governments were committed
to necessary macroeconomic and educational
countries are: Benin, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Malawi, Mali,
Namibia, South Africa, and Uganda.
USAID devotes about 60% of
its basic education budget to Africa.
Asia and the Near East:
USAID assisted countries in Asia and the
Near East offer a mixed picture in primary school enrollments.
The Philippines has achieved universal primary enrollment, while
Indonesia and Turkey are very close to this goal.
primary enrollments for Bangladesh, India, Morocco and Nepal
USAID funds basic education activities in Egypt,
India, Morocco, and Nepal.
Nearly all USAID assistance in ANE
focuses on girls and women.
Latin American and the Caribbean:
Latin America has made
substantial strides in educational access over several decades.
Primary enrollment for the region as a whole exceeds 90%.
These high enrollment figures mask problems of quality and
repetition. Only 21 percent of LAC school children complete sixth
Furthermore, several countries in Latin America
notably Guatemala and Haiti suffer low primary enrollment
USAID programs in basic education operate in Guatemala,
Honduras, El Salvador, Jamaica, Nicaragua, Haiti, Ecuador and
Europe and the New Independent States:
The data on primary
education in the states of the former Soviet Union have become
UNICEF reports "As an ex super power that
traditionally reported high enrollment rates, low disparity, and
no gender gap, there is now a dearth of available data, which
makes a real assessment of the education situation in countries
assistance in countries difficult.
USAID is proposing limited
basic education assistance to only one country in the region,