Latin America and the Caribbean:
For Brazil, Dominican Republic,
Ecuador, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay and Peru, the ratio of aid to
GNP fell from 1.1% to .7% on average from 1990 94, with the
largest declines coming in Panama and Dominican Republic.
Jamaica, where aid dependency is unusually high reflecting mainly
the small size of the country, the decline was from 7.3% to 2.9%
over the same period.
Between 1995 1999 we expect aid dependency
to fall further in these countries, by several tenths of a
percentage point on average.
Europe and the New Independent States:
Many of the region's
assistance recipients were already "advanced" in developmental
terms when aid commenced.
The essential task is one of changing
from one set of institutions to another (i.e., transition) rather
than raising per capita income and improving indicators of human
Where per capita income is concerned,
seven of the countries in the region are clearly in the World
Bank's low income group, per capita income in 1995 below $750.
Another seven have per capita incomes below $1500. In the
remaining countries with data, the ratio of ODA to GNP in 1994
ranged from 0.1% for Turkey, and presumably near zero for
Ireland, to 2 per cent for Poland.
For FY 1999 we expect the ODA
to GNP ratio to be under 1.5% for all countries.
this, trends are very uncertain.
Agency Strategic Goal:
Broad based economic growth and agricultural
Aid as percent of GNP.
World Development Indicators (Table 6.10); USAID
Performance Goal 5:
concessional foreign aid decreased in
Percentage of countries achieving