Latin America and Caribbean:
In Latin America, income
distribution tends to be highly skewed, so that growth needs to
be somewhat more rapid (around two percent) to have large impacts
For FY 1995 1999 we expect a majority of the
countries in the region to achieve the sort of growth required to
achieve satisfactory progress towards the Agency's poverty
Europe and the New Independent States:
In most ENI countries,
average incomes are higher, and poverty is less severe and
widespread, compared with low income developing countries.
reduction in the incidence of poverty is expected to result from
USAID s primary
goals of achieving economic and political
transitions in the countries of this region.
In the early stages
of such transitions, however, we have seen that poverty is likely
to increase sharply.
Reforms put in place to achieve the
transition have often coincided with, if not contributed to, both
a dramatic initial drop in overall income and significant
increase in income inequalities and poverty.
This is due to the
nature of existing obsolete institutions and the extent of the
transformation necessary to shift from autocratic command systems
to pluralistic, private sector based, growth oriented societies.
Agency Strategic Goal:
Broad based economic growth and agricultural
Percent of population below poverty line.
World Development Indicators (Table 2.5); USAID calculations
Performance Goal 3:
Proportion of the
population in poverty reduced by 25%.
Percentage of countries achieving
Due to infrequent reporting of poverty data, analysis is
based on economic growth performance.
The base period is the average for
the five year period 1992 1996.
The 1999 benchmark is the average for
the five year period ending with 1999.